Answer: The four Vedas – Rig, Sama, Yajur,
and Atharva – are not the work of any single author. In
ancient India, there were many rishis (sages) living simple,
contemplative lives in hermitages high in the Himalayas and
along the banks of sacred rivers. The rishis had names like
Angiras, Bhrigu, Yajnavalkya, and Gargi (Gargi was a woman).
They sought to understand the fundamental truths of life – Why
are we born? How did the world come into existence? How can we
live a good life? Because of their intense inquiry and deep
meditation, they received God’s blessings and were able to
discover the answers to their profound questions.
God revealed these sacred truths to the ancient sages, and the
sages composed hymns and texts in the Sanskrit language to
express these truths. Their hymns and texts were then passed
on from generation to generation, from teacher to student, by
chanting them aloud; they were not yet written down.
Eventually, the great rishi, Vyasa, compiled all of their
hymns and texts into four collections which are now known as
Answer: Hinduism began with the Vedas. The
Vedas came first, so they are called the source scripture for
Hinduism. Many other scriptures were written in ancient India,
including the Ramayana, Mahabharat, and the Puranas. All of
these scriptures were based on the teachings of the Vedas. In
the Mahabharat, there is a small section in which Sri Krishna
teaches the mighty warrior Arjuna the same spiritual truths
first taught in the Vedas. This section is so special that we
study it independently and we call it the Bhagavad Gita, which
means the Song of God. Even though the Vedas are the main
scriptures for all Hindus, the Bhagavad Gita is studied more
widely, mostly because it is easier to understand.